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 unit 4 الصف الثانى الثانوى

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تاريخ التسجيل : 04/11/2011

مُساهمةموضوع: unit 4 الصف الثانى الثانوى   الخميس ديسمبر 29, 2011 4:59 pm







basketball
hockey
tennis
boxing
swimming
badminton
team games
advertisement
trainers
wheel
suggestions
intention
arrangement
rainy
stormy
form
collect
content
facilitate
patient
prey
recent
complex
editor
illustrator


business manager
extra
a sandstorm
plans
size
wolf
wild animal
intend
evident
intelligence
greedy كرة السلة
الهوكي
التنس
الملاكمة
السباحة
تنس الريشة
ألعاب جماعية
إعلان
مدربين
عجلة
اقتراحات
نية / قصد
ترتيب
ممطر
عاصف
يكون / شكل
يجمع
محتوي
يسهل
صبور / مريض
فريسة
حديث
معقد
محرر
شخص يقوم بعمل الرسوم التوضيحية للكتب
مدير أعمال
إضافي
عاصفة رملية
خطط
حجم / مقاس
ذئب
حيوان بري أو متوحش
ينوي / يقصد
واضح
ذكاء
جشع squash
volleyball
football
wrestling
running
jogging
keep fit
running shoes
tennis tournament
activities
involve
definition
make a prediction
sunny
a degree
skills
footballer
original
score a goal
hunt
protect
experiment
personal experience
photographer
designer
look like
a guide book

crowded
enormous
goalkeeper
tolerant
predict
combine
particular
compare
instructions
properly اسكواش
الكرة الطائرة
كرة القدم
المصارعة
الجري
الجري الخفيف
يحافظ علي لياقته
حذاء الجري
دورة تنس
أنشطة
يتضمن
تعريف
يتنبأ
مشمس
شهادة علمية / درجة
مهارات
لاعب كرة قدم
أصلي
يحرز هدف
يصطاد (حيوان)
يحمي
تجربة
خبرة شخصية
مصور
مصمم
يشبه
دليل (كتاب لإرشاد السياح)
مزدحم
هائل
حارس المرمي
متسامح
يتنبأ
يخلط / يجمع / يمزج
معين
يقارن
تعليمات
بشكل مناسب
evidence
criticize
flexible
definitely دليل
ينقد
مرن
بالتأكيد beliefs
strength
display
post = job معتقدات
قوة
يعرض / عرض
وظيفة

• Prepositions:
mix with people يختلط بالناس depend on = rely on يعتمد علي
work with each other يعملون مع بعضهم البعض people of different ages الناس من مختلف الأعمار
talk about يتحدث عن ask for advice يطلب نصيحة
pass the ball to يمرر الكرة إلي send into space يرسل إلي الفضاء
hunt in packs يصطاد في مجموعات live in groups يعيش في جماعات
attached to=tied to مربوط بـ benefit from يستفيد من
cooperate with يتعاون مع show tolerance towards يظهر تسامح تجاه
lose to يخسر أمام come out تصدر (صحيفة مثلا)
live on the moon يعيش علي القمر look out of the window ينظر من النافذة
specialize in يتخصص في related to مرتبط بـ
answer to حل أو إجابة لـ solution to حل لـ
pass on knowledge to ينقل المعرفة إلي at times = sometimes أحيانا
go on holiday يذهب في أجازة take responsibility for يتحمل المسئولية عن

• Derivatives:
Verb Noun Adjective Adverb
fit يناسب fitness لياقة fit لائق
tolerate يتسامح مع tolerance التسامح tolerant متسامح
protect يحمي Protection حماية protective واقي
greediness الجشع greedy جشع greedily بطريقة جشعة
differ يختلف difference فرق / اختلاف different مختلف
prove يثبت / يبرهن proofبرهان / دليل
believe يعتقد belief اعتقاد

job Job description
editor Decide what should be in the magazine.
Improve the quality of writing.
Find out what the readers want.
writer Write news, stories, interesting articles and fiction.
illustrator Draw pictures and cartoons.
photographer Take photographs.
designer Decide what the magazine should look like.
business manager Decide on the price.
Sell and deliver the magazine to readers.




 guidebook – guideline
دليل للسياح ( يعطى معلومات عن الأماكن)guidebook
* Have you got a guidebook to Cairo?
نصائح عن كيفية فعل الأشياءguideline
* He is drawing up some new guidelines about health and safety in schools.
*****************************
 experience خبرة
 conduct / carry out / do an experiment يجري تجربة
1- This job needs a long experience.
2- Scientists are doing experiments to test the effectivenessفعالية of the new drug.
*****************************
 do / play sports يلعب أو يمارس الرياضة
1- We should do sports to get fit.
2- I should play ( do ) sports to get fit.
*****************************
 on (his) own وحيد / بمفرده of (his) own تدل علي الملكية
1- He did the job on his own. بمفرده
2- He has a room of his own. تدل علي الملكية
of my own age = at the same of my age
*****************************
 encourage to +inf يشجع علي/ discourage from + v+ing يمنع من
1- We should encourage our children to read.
2- We should discourage people from polluting the environment.
*****************************
 go \ get = become يصبح
go bad يفسد/ go blind يصبح أعمي/ go deaf يصبح أصم / go dumb يصبح أبكم
get fit لائق جسميا/ get angry غاضب/ get depressed مكتئب
*****************************
 have = have got = own يملك
1- I have a car = I have got a car.
2- Do you have a car? = Have you got a car?
3- I don't have = I haven't got
•في الماضي نستخدم had للتعبير عن الملكية :
* I had a car when I was in London.
•نستخدم will have للتعبير عن الملكية في المستقبل:
* I will have a computer next week.

•تستخدم have فقط للتعبير عن الملكية بعد to و الأفعال الناقصة مثل must / should وغيرها ولا يمكن استخدام have got بهذاالشكل:
1- I want to have a camera.
2- I should have a lot of money to buy this car.
•لاحظ أن have تستخدم بمعاني أخري غير "يملك" وفي هذه الحالة لا نستخدم have got
have a meal / have a party / have a holiday / have an accident
*****************************
 end in a draw ينتهي بالتعادل
* The match ended in a draw.
*****************************
 lose to يخسر أمام ..
* Egypt lost to Brazil by 2 goals.
*****************************
 score a goalيحرز هدف (في الرياضة)
 realize / achieve a goal يحقق هدف (في الحياة)
****************************
 a family member فرد من أفراد الأسرة
 a society member عضو في المجتمع
 a team member عضو في فريق
*****************************
•الكلمات الآتية تستخدم adverb / adjective حسب وضعها في الجملة:
Daily / weekly / monthly / yearly / early
1- He gets a yearly salary of 50,000 dollars. (adj.)
2- The conference is held yearly. (adv.)
*****************************
 good
good at جيد في
* He is good at English.
good to طيب مع
* He is good to his friends.
good for مفيد / صالح لـ
* Taking exercises is good for you.
*****************************
 co- operateيتعاون
يتعاون فى co-operate on
* Birds cooperate on some jobs.
يتعاون مع شخصco-operate with
* We should cooperate with Ahmed.
يتعاون لكى مصدرco-operate to +
* Players need to cooperate to succeed.
*****************************


 mix withيختلط بـ / يخلط بـ
1- The best thing in practicing team sports is to help you to mix with other people.
2- If you mixed milk with coffee they will be delicious. (tasty)
*****************************
 sports
sports relating to sport صفـة تاتى قبل الاسم
* It's the school sports day on Monday.
الرياضىsports man
* He'll be remembered both as a brilliant footballer and as a true sportsman.
صفه تأتى قبل الإسمsporty
* We're a very sporty family.
*****************************
lose – miss
يخسر / يفقد شيئ lose (to)
1- Al-Ahli lost the last match.
2- Egypt lost to America by 3 goals.
يفتقد شخص / تفوته مواصلاتmiss
1- I missed my uncle very much.
2- He missed the train as he got up late.
*****************************
 predict = make prediction about يتنبأ
* Scientists can (predict \ make prediction about) the time of eclipses.
 play – go – do
تستخـدم مـع الألعـاب المتصلـة بالكـره . play ( football, basketball, tennis, squash … )
* They are playing football.
تستخـدم مـع الألعـاب المنتهيـة بــing go ( fishing, sailing, swimming, running …)
* Let's go sailing.
تستخـدم مـع الألعـاب الأخـرى. do (karate, hockey, high jump, judo … )
* I do karate.
*****************************





المـستقبل البسيـط :ـ يستخـدم للتعبيـر عــن حـدث سـوف يحدث فـى المستقبـل ويتكـون مـن :


1- She will visit me tomorrow.
2- I shall visit to travel abroad.
الكلمــات الدالــة عليـــه :ـ
tomorrow – in the future – shortly – soon – in a few days – next ( week – month )
1- Next week she will go to Cairo. 2- Tomorrow I will visit my uncle.
عبـارات تستخـدم مـع المستقبـل مثـل :
hope – think – expect – sure – promise – probably.
1- I expect he will win the match.
2- I hope I shall see him again.
نفـى المستقبـل البسيـط :- نستخــدم أداة النفــى not بعــد will – shall .
1- He will play the match.
- He will not come to me.
2- He will come to me.
- He will not play the match.



1- To express a true fact التعبير عن حقيقة •I'll be 18 next week.
2- To predict event التنبؤ بالأحداث •The plane will land in half an hour.
3- To decide something quickly. اتخاذ قرار بعمل شيء •I'll have coffee, please.
4- To offer to do something في حالة العرض •I'll clean the car for you.
5- To ask someone to do somethingطلب عمل شيء من شخص
• Will you look at my homework tonight?
6- To make an arrangement الترتيب لعمل شيء •I'll see you this evening.
7- To make a threat التهديد •I'll resign if I don't get a pay rise.



1- I / We shall go to Cairo next month.
2- You / He / She / It / They will stay here.
To make suggestions: في تكوين الاقتراح
1- Shall I meet you on Friday? 2- Shall we have a party?
To make offers: في العرض
* Shall I help you with your homework?
Shall / will = 'll
2- I'll do it. 1- You'll do it.
will not = won't shall not = shan't
Shall shan't / (in question tags)
• We shall meet the boss tomorrow, shan't we?



للتعبير عن نية أو عمل مخطط له قبل لحظة الحديث:
1- We are saving up because we are going to buy a car.
2- I'm going to make some coffee. Do you want some?
للتنبؤ بحدث في المستقبل يوجد ما يدل عليه في الحاضر:
1- I think I'm going to fail this exam. (I haven't done much work)
2- I think it's going to rain. The sky's looking very dark.


تعبر عن شيء لـم يحدث في الماضي:
• I was going to tidy the flat, but I didn’t have time.

☺لاحظ أن :
Are you going to + inf. = Do you intend to + inf.
1- Are you going to buy a new car? (Do…)
Do you intend to buy a new car?
2- Is she going to take the test? (Does)
Does she intend to take the test?
 يستخدم المستقبل البسيط مع If في الحالة الأولي :
* If I know his address, I'll write him a letter.
 استخدام المضارع المستمر للتعبير عن المستقبل (و يشير أيضا إلى وجود ترتيبات مسبقة):
1- He's travelling to Cairo tomorrow. (He's got his tickets)
2- I'm going home in half an hour. (I have arranged it with the boss)
 استخدام المضارع البسيط للتعبير عن المستقبل (و يرتبط ذلك بجداول المواعيد الخاصة مثلا بوسائل المواصلات و المسرح و السينما و المدرسة و غير ذلك:
1- You leave Cairo International Airport at 7 p.m. and arrive in Paris at 11 p.m.
2- The exam takes place on 2nd April.
3- The film starts at 9.
 لاحظ أنه بدلا من المستقبل يمكن أحيانا استخدام فعل أمر :
* After you finish your work, please turn off the lights.

The future continuous: المستقبل المستمر


يستخدم للتعبير عن حدث سوف يكون مستمرا في وقت معين في المستقبل:
1- A: Can I come and see you at 4 o'clock tomorrow?
B: No. I'll be driving to the airport then. Come at 2.30 before I leave.
2- Between 9 and 11 a.m. tomorrow I'll be studying.

Time conjunctions استخدام الروابط الزمنية مع المستقبل




1- After I do my homework, I’ll go out.
2- Before he types the reports, he will have dinner.
3- As soon as she arrives in London, she will send me a postcard.
4- We’ll leave the moment it stops raining.
5- She won’t see the film until she does the cleaning.
6- I’ll stay with you till the doctor arrives.
7- First she will do the shopping. Then she will go to the bank. (After / Before / until)
* After she does the shopping, she will go to the bank.
* Before she goes to the bank, she will do the shopping.
* She won’t go to the bank until she does the shopping.

Correct the mistakes in the following sentences:
1- She leaves when the meeting ends.
After he is seeing the film, he will go to bed.
2- She will travel when she will get her visa.
Before she cleans the house, she is doing the shopping.

Asking for Advice / Giving Advice
Asking for Advice Giving Advice
Which (sport) do you think I should choose? If you ask me, you should…
I want to .. What do you think I should do? If I were you, I'd …
Can you give me some advice (about)..? I think you should…
Can I ask your advice about…? Why don't you…?
It is a good idea to …
The best thing is to …





• Exercises on Vocabulary and Language Notes:
1- Choose the correct answer:
1- We can win at football by-------------------the most goals.
(score – scoring – scored – scores)
2- Football is -----------------------sport.
(team – individual – pair – single)
3- He could beat me as he------------------than me in running.
(heavier – taller – slower – faster)
4- Astronomers can-------------------prediction about space explosion.
(do – did – make – did)
5- To win we should---------------------------with each other.
(fight – cooperate – sleep – eat)
6- Doctors and nurses should cooperate to help-----------------
(pupils – farmers – patients – patience)
7- The opposite of simple is-----------------
(complete – correct – good – complex)

8- Scientists work in large and complex groups to send people------space.
(at – within – into – over)
9- Animals hunt their prey in ---------------------------
(packs – books – box – packets)
10- Elephants live in groups to bring--------their young.
(for – up – down – to)
11-In the zoo birds are kept in------------------
(books – caves – cages – bins)
12-They are starting lots of sports at our sports------------------------
(centre – decision – flat – graveyard)
13-For animals and humans,----------------is important for survival.
(cooperate – cooperation – fight – fighting)
14-A good businessman can quickly make an important----------------
(decision – decide - to decide – decided)
15- Football, cricket and hockey are all (group-team-pack-individual) sports.
16- I enjoy winter (sport-sporty-sporting-sports) like skiing and skating.
17- She used to (make-do-work-get) a lot of sport when she was younger.
18- My running shoes don't (suit-match-fit-get) my feet.
19- In the end, we decided (on-for-of-to) go to the theatre.
20- Please don't ask me to make any (products-predictions-cooperation-productions) about tomorrow's meeting.
21- Squash and badminton are (team-individual-alone-single) sports.
22-If you ask me, you should (do-make-take-have) football.
23- Nurses are trained to (look-care-share-take) for sick people.
24- He used a cable to (tie-attack-attach-relate) the printer to the computer.
25- Surgeons, doctors and nurses work together to (achieve-score-arrive-get) the same goals – to help sick people to become well again.
26- Elephants and gorillas live in large family groups to bring (up-down-in-forward) their young.
27- Older people can pass (out-on-over-at) their experiences and their knowledge to younger people.
28- You can't play basketball (at-in-of-on) your own.
29- Football players pass the ball to each other until one player can (store-make-score-achieve) a goal.
30- You can do a lot of sports at our (sport-sporty-sporting-sports) centre.
31- Some people do a sport to keep (fit-fat-fate-ill).
32- Egypt could (win-lose-gain-beat) Italy 1- 0.
33- Lions hunt their prey in (packets-packages-pockets-packs).
34- After the Roman Empire broke (down-out-in-into), world trade declined.
35- There are many (stations-situations-states-stars) where people need to cooperate to succeed.
36- Birds can (demonstrate-commentate-cooperate-commemorate) on complex jobs.
37- We use (string-sting-stream-stain) for fastening and tying things:
38- She has had to make some very difficult (occasions-decisions-discussions-explosions).
39- For animals and humans cooperation is important for (death-hunger-survival-suppression).
40- The teacher asked the students to get into (grapes – gaps - groups – grains) of four.
41- A (pack-packet-package-team) of surgeons operated on his heart.
42- It wasn't my (attention-intention-invention-intension) to exclude her from the list - I just forgot her.
43- A (cooperation-corporation-contamination-combination) of tiredness and boredom caused me to fall asleep.
44- I have never (gone-worked-done-been) hockey.
45- Scientists are doing (experiments-experiences-examinations-exercises) to test the effectiveness of the new drug.
تمارين من موقع الوزارة على الكلمات
1. Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d.
1. Sameh was excited to be in the semi-finals of the inter-school tennis _____.
a. match b. tournament c. game d. test
2. I haven’t been able to play _____ recently because my partner has been sick.
a. football b. squash c. hockey d. theatre
3. The team of doctors and nurses had to _____ fully with each other during an eight-hour, difficult operation.
a. cooperate b. work c. play d. think
4. I find it hard to work with my colleague because he has different ideas and opinions and is quite annoying. I need a lot of _____!
a. bringing up b. money c. cooperation d. tolerance
5. The picture was _____ to the wall and I could not take it off.
a. situated b. tied c. attached d. placed
6. Nesma would like to get married and _____ three beautiful children.
a. grow up b. bring up c. attach d. give
7. George used a piece of _____ to tie the dog to the wall.
a. tape b. cloth c. cotton d. string
8. The _____ of wild dogs came closer and closer to the frightened child.
a. class b. group c. pack d. match

2. Complete the gaps with words from the box below.
illustrator designer keep fit football squash basketball hockey bring up
Being healthy and taking exercise is very important. If you want to _______________, then it is a good idea to begin learning a sport. A very popular team sport worldwide is _______________. Another very popular team game is _______________, but it is recommended that you be tall! Not so many people play _______________, which needs sticks as well as a ball. And if you want to play a sport with just one other person, _______________ is recommended, but this sport can be very tiring after even just one hour.

3. Write an antonym for each word. Follow the example.
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Example: last – first
1. play - ______________________________
2. fit - ______________________________
3. tolerance - __________________________
4. refuse - ____________________________
5. individual - _________________________


4. Match the words with their definitions.
A B
1. Look after children until they are adults a. prediction
2. A statement saying what you expect to happen b. fiction
3. Books and stories about imaginary people and events c. complex
4. When you kick, throw or hit a ball to another member of your team d. cage
5. A structure made of wires or bars in which birds or animals can be kept. e. pass
f. bring up

5. Read this group of words. Place each into the right column, then complete the word families. Some boxes will not have a word.

cooperate – attach – tolerance – prediction – situation
Noun Verb Adjective





• Exercise on grammar:
1- Choose the correct answer:
1. I (am flying – fly – going to fly – flies) to Moscow tomorrow.
2. The train from Cairo (has arrived – will be arriving – arrives – was arriving) at 5.15
p.m. tomorrow morning.
3. He (may drive – shall drive – drives - is driving) the children to the match tonight. He
has booked 3 tickets.
4. I think I (buy – am buying – will buy – had been buying) this watch.
5. Tom (is seeing – saw – has seen – was going to see) the director in a few minutes.
6. I promise I (have bought – will buy – am going to buy – must buy) you a nice present.
7. The cup is on the edge of the table. It (is falling – has fallen – is going to fall – will be
falling).
8. She has already packed her luggage. She (is going to – might – has been – shall) leave.
9. I (break – has broken – will break – will be breaking) your neck if you do that again.
10. (Might – May – Should – Will) you buy me some stamps, please?
11. As soon as he (is finishing – will finish – to finish – finishes) his work, he’ll go
home.
12. I (phoned – had phoned – will phone – have phoned) my friend after he comes back
from London.
13. Before she (does – will do – had done – did) the washing up, she will see a movie.
14. I (wouldn’t – won’t – would – might) leave until I have lunch.
15. When she (sees – had seen – saw – will see) her exam results, she will be so happy.
16. He (got – will get – would get – had got) a job as soon as he gets his degree.
17. As soon as Peter arrives, (told – will tell – would tell – tell) him to come to the
manager’s office.
18. Before you operate this machine, (read – will read – has read – had read) the instructions
very well.
19. I will wait here until they (had called – are calling – will call – call) my name.
20. When she (get – gets – will get – had got) the new job, she will move into a new
house.
تمارين من موقع الوزارة على القواعد
1. Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d.
1. I’ve decided what to do this holiday. _____ my grandmother.
a. I’ll visiting b. I’m going to visit c. I visiting d. I’ll visit
2. Sara is a good student. I think _____ all her exams.
a. she’s passing b. she’s going to pass c. she’ll pass d. she passes
3. The weather has been very bad recently. I’m sure _____ tomorrow.
a. it’ll rain b. it’s going to rain c. it’s raining d. it going raining
4. Mona will not be at work next week because she _____ her aunt.
a. visits b. is visiting c. will visit d. is going visiting
5. The score is 15 goals to the home team and 2 to the visiting team, and there are just five minutes left. The home team _____.
a. is going winning! b. will be winning! c. will win! d. is going to win!
6. You look tired. I’m sure _____ better when you have had some rest.
a. was looking b. you’ll feel c. you’re going to feel d. looks
7. The company does not have enough money. People _____ lose their jobs.
a. will be losing b. are losing c. will lose d. are going to

8. What _____ next weekend? Would you like to come and play tennis with me?
a. will you do b. are you doing c. are you going to do d. you will do

2. Rewrite using the words in brackets to give the same meaning.
1. Animals cooperate with each other. They need to cooperate to hunt their prey together and to protect ill members of their pack. (because)
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. Our team have been practising very hard at hockey. We are confident that we will win the next match. (sure)
……………………………………………………………………………………………
3. I play squash. I started playing squash last summer. (since)
………………………………………………………………………………………
4. Both birds pulled the string and then the box moved and they got the food. (after)
………………………………………………………………………………………
5. My cousin is going to travel in the USA. When he is there he will play basketball. (while)
……………………………………………………………………………………….
3. Find the mistakes and correct them.
Hany enjoys playing sports. He plays tennis and football and he plays for his school football team. The team will play in a match next week against another school. Hany expects that his school team is going to win the match because they have been practising hard. He is sure that he is going to score at least one goal. Next Saturday Hany will go to his local sporting club to play tennis with his friend Ramy. Hany hopes that, if he practices regularly, he is becoming a successful tennis player. Hany’s mother is going to pay for extra tennis classes for Hany, so soon, he is taking extra tennis classes every week after school.
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4. Match the phrases, then rewrite each sentence below.

A B
1. He doesn’t expect that Peter a. is going shopping.
2. I have packed my bags and I b. will become a doctor.
3. On Thursday Samira c. before I go to bed.
4. My mother hopes that my brother d. am going on holiday.
5. The sky is very dark. It e. will call him.
f. is going to rain.


5. Read the paragraph. Underline the correct word in parentheses.
My friend and I have decided to start a magazine for young people in our area. My friend and I cannot do all the work and so we (are needing – will need - are going to need) other students to work with us as editors, designers and writers. We hope that we (will – are going to – are publishing) publish the magazine every month, and we expect that not just young people but also some adults (are going to read - will read – will reading) the magazine. We have decided to write interesting stories in the magazine about school life, and we (will have - are going to have – are having) a special section on school sports. Next Monday we (are having – will have – will be having) a meeting for all students who are interested in helping us with the magazine.


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unit 4 الصف الثانى الثانوى
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صفحة 1 من اصل 1
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