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 unit 2 الصف الثانى الثانوى

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تاريخ التسجيل : 04/11/2011

مُساهمةموضوع: unit 2 الصف الثانى الثانوى   الخميس ديسمبر 29, 2011 4:55 pm







comment يعلق ground الأرض quotation فقرة
commentary تعليق earth الأرض character شخصية
diplomat دبلوماسى escape يهرب argue يجادل – يناقش
explanation شرح - تفسير fight يحارب argument جدال – نقاش
imagine يتخيل fighter محارب long-term طويل الأجل
imaginative خيالى favourite مفضل idiom مصطلح
imagination خيال beat يهزم talks أحاديث
politician سياسى steal يسرق details تفاصيل
politics سياسة agree يوافق unfamiliar غير مألوف
publish ينشر die يموت tasks مهام
plough يحرث luck حظ prove يثبت
suffer يعانى luckily لحسن الحظ negative سلبى
exciting مثير sail يبحر useful for مفيد
excited مثار sailing إبحار regular منتظم
opinion رأى sailor بحار نظرة شاملة an overall view
succeed ينجح foreigner أجنبى partner شريك
success نجاح stranger غريب get over يتغلب
successful ناجح make fun of يسخر من update يحدث
author مؤلف – كاتب laugh at يسخر من speed سرعة
list قائمة reward مكافأة in addition بالإضافة إلى
science fiction خيال علمى war حرب as well as أيضا
asleep نائم represent يمثل proper مناسب
storm عاصفة ridiculous سخيف properly بطريقة مناسبة
island جزيرة neighbouring مجاور symbol رمز
shipwrecked حطام سفينة mind عقل symbolize يرمز إلى
lillput قزم brain مخ likely إحتمال
giant عملاق adventures مغامرات communication إتصال
enemy عدو appear يظهر communicate يتصل
capture يأسر job وظيفة disappear يختفى

• Prepositions:
match … with
fight against
famous for
connect to
fall to the ground يطابق ..مع
يقاتل ضد
مشهور بـ
يوصل بـ
يسقط علي الأرض
مفضل لدي
مختلف عن
علي الجزيرة
يمنع ..من
يجادل بشأن
ينتمي الي
متوافر لـ
رأي run away
interested in
laugh at يهرب
مهتم بـ
يسخر من
fall off a bike يسقط من علي الدراجة
work in politics
find out about
a storm at sea
frightened of
tie … to
argue for
speak for
a commentary on
pleased with
at that time
consist of يعمل بالسياسة
يعرف عن
عاصفة في البحر
خائف من
يربط ..بـ
يدافع عن
يتحدث بالنيابة عن
تعليق علي
مسرور من
في ذلك الوقت
يتكون من
a favourite of
different from
on the island
stop … from
argue about
belong to
available for
opinion on/about
upset about منزعج أو متضايق بشأن
attach...with string يربط ..باستخدام دوبارة


• Derivatives:
verb Noun adjective
comment يعلق comment تعليق
commentary
تعليق (علي حدث مثل مباراة مثلا)
commentator معلق
diplomat دبلوماسي
diplomacy الدبلوماسية diplomatic دبلوماسي
imagineيتخيل imagination خيال imaginary خيالي / غير حقيقي
imaginative واسع الخيال
publishينشر publisher ناشر published منشور
represent يمثل representation تمثيل representative ممثل
neighbour جار neighbouring مجاور
neighbourly طيب / عطوف
mind عقل mental عقلي
bodyجسد physical بدني / جسمي

• Important vocabulary for translation and composition:
great efforts جهود عظيمة / جهود كبيرة
supply and demand العرض و الطلب
does its best تبذل ما بوسعها
in all fields في جميع المجالات
national income الدخل القومي rights and duties الحقوق و الواجبات
carry out projects ينفذ مشروعـات
make great progress يحقق تقدما عظيما
all over Egypt في كل أنحاء مصر
raise the standard of living
يرفع مستوى المعيشه







 steal – rob
يسرق شيئ steal
1- A thief stole my bag.
2- The thief stole my money.
يسرق مكان rob
* A gang robbed the bank yesterday.
يسلب شيئ من شخصrob (somebody) of (something)
* They robbed him of his money.
*****************************
 agree – accept
يوافق agree to + inf. \ noun
1- He agreed to sign the papers.
2- He agreed to our plan.
يتفق مع agree with (someone)
* I'm afraid I don't agree with you.
مجموعه تتفق على شيئ agree on (something)
* We agreed on a price for the car.
متفق علىagree that (sentence)
* It was agreed that he was the thief.
يقبــل ( دعوة / اعتذار/ تعازي / رشوة) accept ( invitation / apology / condolences / bribes )
* He didn't accept her apology.
*****************************
 brain – mind – memory – memories
المخ ( عضو بالجسم يتحكم فيه )brain
* The brain controls the parts of the body.
العقل ( طريقة التفكير ...... شيئ ليس له وجود )mind
* He changed his mind and bought the car.
يمانع mind (v.)
* I don’t mind helping you.
الذاكره memory
* My mobile has 1GB card memory.
ذكرياتmemories
* We have good and bad memories.
*****************************
 foreigner – stranger
أجنبى ( شخص من دوله أخرى ) foreigner
* He isn't from Egypt, he is a foreigner.
غريب ( شخص لا أعرفه )stranger
* I'm a stranger here, I don't know where the post office is.


 sleep ينام
ينام sleep
* I always sleep at 12 at night.
يغلبه النوم - منعوس sleepy
* While I was watching the film, I felt sleepy.
نائم asleep
* The baby is asleep.
مستغرق فى النوم fast asleep
* He is fast asleep, He doesn't move.
صفه لغير العاقلsleeping
* The train has sleeping rooms.
*****************************
 remind – remember - remembering
يُذكر – يتذكر بواسطة شخص remind
* He reminds me of his fat.
He reminds me of his father.
remind me later ذكرنى فيما بعد
* He asked me to remind him later about the research
يتذكر من تلقاء نفسه remember
* She remembered to take medicine.
التذكر remembering
* He is good at remembering names.
*****************************
 Do a favour – favourable – favourite- in favour of
معروف – جميل do a favour
* He did me a favour I won’t forget.
مؤيد – مشجع – فى صالحfavourable
* The reviews on his films are favourable.
مفضل – محبوبfavourite
* My favourite sport is football.
مؤيد لـin favour of
* We are in favour of his thoughts.
*****************************
 die يموت
يموت بسبب مرض أو جوع أو عطش die of
* He died of cancer.
ينقرضdie out
* Some dangerous animals died out.
*****************************
 win – beat – gain – earn
يفوز / يكسب (كأس – مباراه – إنتخابات)win
* Egypt will win the cup I hope.

يهزم / يتغلب على (شخص أو فريق)beat
* America could beat Sadam.
يكتسب شئ معنوى مفيد (خبره – معرفة معلومات – شهره)gain
* You gained a lot of information from the conference.
و تشير الى زياده فى الوزن والسرعه والكميه
1- Ali gained 3 kilos in weight in the last month.
2- The plane gained speed to take off.
يكسب (قوت – رزق) مقابل عملearn
1- People work hard to earn money.
2- He works hard to earn his living.
*****************************
 make يجعل
يجعل مصدر بدونto + مفعولmake +
يجعل صفه + شخص / شئmake +
1- They made him study hard.
2- Capital makes business successful.
*****************************
 hike – trip – picnic – journey – voyage – flight – tour
رحله طويله سيراً على الأقدامhike
* We went for a long hike in the country.
يذهب فى رحله طويله سيراً على الأقدامgo for (a hike)
* He went for a hike in the country.
رحله قصيره trip
* He is in a business trip in London.
نزهه خلويه فى الهواء الطلقpicnic
* We had a picnic by the sea.
رحله طويلهjourney
* How long is the journey to the coast?
رحله بحريهvoyagae
* We went on a voyage by ship.
رحله جويهflight
* The flight to Saudi Arabia took two hours.
جوله سياحيهtour
* We went on a tour to the city.
*****************************
• Give a ring = phoneيتصل تليفونياً
*****************************
•لاحظ عدم استخدام حرف جر قبل كلمة home اذا جاءت مع هذه الأقعال
Go / return / arrive home
•لاحظ استخدام الاسم بعد حرف الجر in فيما يلي
3 metres in height 5 inches in length 5 centimetres in depth
وفي حالة عدم وجود حرف جر نستخدم الصفة
3 metres high 5 inches long 5 centimetres deep

 None + فعل جمع
* Although I read many books, none (of them) were as useful as the one I borrowed from you.
*****************************
•استخدام take للزمن بمعني يستغرق
1- It took me two hours to finish the homework.
2- How long does it take to do this job?
*****************************
•تستخدم whose للسؤال عن الملكية
* Whose book is that? = Who does that book belong to?
*****************************
• at the end (of) غالبا يأتي بعدها الاسم
in the end يأتي بعدها جملة أو تأتي في نهاية الجملة
1- My house is at the end of this street.
2- We went shopping and visited some friends. In the end, we went home.
*****************************
• It + (be) + adj. + to+inf.
* It is funny to read about the small people of Lilliput.
*****************************
•لا تستخدم the قبل كلمة next اذا جاءت بعدها كلمات تدل علي الزمن
next week / next summer
•تستخدم the قبل كلمة next اذا جاءت بعدها اسم
* The next book I'm going to read is Gulliver's Travels.
*****************************
•لاحظ استخدام فعل مفرد بعد أسماء الكتب حتي لو كان الاسم يدل علي الجمع:
Gulliver's Travels is a funny novel.
*****************************
• The reason why + جملة
The reason for + n. / V+ing
1- The reason why he came late was that he missed the bus.
2- The reason for his absence was that he was ill.
*****************************
•لاحظ استخدام التصريف الثالث لبعض الأفعال كصفة a broken window a stolen car
a written test a used book
*****************************
• هناك كثير من الكلمات لها أكثر من معني
realizeيدرك / يحقق ring خاتم / يتصل ب book كتاب / يحجز
matchيطابق/كبريت tieيربط / رابطة

•لاحظ الفرق بين الكلمات الآتية
death الموت deadly مميت / قاتل deadميت diedمات dieيموت
living معيشة livelyنشيط / بهيج lifeحياة alive على قيد الحياه live(adj.) على الهواء




1) روابط تستخدم لإضافة أفكار أو معلومات:
and \ as well as \ neither … nor \ either … or \ both … and \ not only … but also \ or \ in addition to \ besides


" و" تربط بين إسمين أو فعلين أو فكرتين مترادفتين فى المعنى
1- Swift worked as a politician and churchman.
2- They captured Gulliver and tied him to the ground.
3- We bought milk, cheese and eggs.


فـاعـل الجملة الأولـى as well as
in addition to
besides
فـاعـل الجمـلة الثانيـة + فعـل الجمـلة الأولـى






1- I'm clever. He is clever. (as well as )
I as well as he am clever.




2- He bought the book. He studied the lesson . (as well as )
He bought the book as well as studying the lesson.
3- I speak English. I speak French. (as well as )
I speak English as well as French.



Samy ran faster than both Ali and Noha.
salwa both did her homework and ironed her dress.






1- In addition to going to the market, we went to the zoo.
2- We went to the market. In addition, we went to the zoo.






1- He must pay the money. He will go to prison. (either … or)
- He must either pay the money or go to prison.


لا.......ولا
 نستخدمهم لربط جملتين منفيتين.
 نستخدمهم لنفى الجمل التى تحتوى على:
كلاً من.......أو OR both …….and إما ........ أوeither ……or
 مع الجمل التى لها فاعل واحد وفعلان نستخدم التركيب الأتى:


1) Heba didn't cook. She didn't clean the house.
- Heba neither cooked nor cleaned the house.
 إذا كان فعل الجمله (be) فإنه يأتى قبل(neither) ولا يتكرر كالأتى:
1) Ali wasn't hungry. He wasn't tired.
- Ali was neither hungry nor tired.
 إذا كان فعل الجمله يتكون من كلمتين مثل(will come – has eating) فإننا نضع الفعل المساعد قبل(neither) والافعال الأخرى بعد(nor)
1) Noha hasn't done the homework. She hasn't read a story.
- Noha has neither done the homework nor read a story.
 مع الجمل التى بها فاعلان فعلا نفس الشيئ "لهما نفس الفعل" نستخدم التركيب التالى:


1) Hany wasn't angry. Fady wasn't angry.
- Neither Hany nor Fady was angry.
2) Feeby can't read French. Shenouda can't read French.
- Neither Feeby nor Shenouda can't read French.

ليس فقط......ولكن أيضاً
 إذا كان فعل الجمله فعل مساعد نستخدم:


1) Ali is a doctor. He is a player.
- Ali is not only a doctor, but he is also a player.
2) Nadia will study. She will do the housework.
- Nadia will not only study, but she will also do the housework.
 إذا كان فعل الجمله عادياً نستخدم:



1) Dina watches TV. She reads a story.
- Dina doesn't only watch TV, but she also reads a story.
 إذا كان هناك فاعلان فى الجمله يقومان بعمل شيئ واحد نستخدم:



1) Samy is a doctor. Hany is a doctor.
- Not only samy, but also Hany is a doctor.
2) Katy did the housework. Feeby did the housework.
- Not only Katy, but also Feeby did the housework.

2) روابط لإعطاء السبب
because \ because of \ as \ in case\ since \ owing to \ due to \ thanks to \ for \ being
للربـــط بيـن جملتيـــن قبلهـــا نتيجــــة وبعـــدهـا سبـب

1- She is very beautiful. The girls are jealous of her. (because)
- The girls are jealous of her because she is very beautiful.
because of - owing to

due to - for - out of noun or( v + ing )

thanks to - in case
Being + ( adjective ) صـفــــة

1- The girls are very jealous of her because she is very beautiful. (due to - Being)
* The girls are very jealous of her due to her beauty.
* Being very beautiful, the girls are very jealous of her.
2- We lost the match. We played badly. (due to)
* We lost the match due to bad play.
3- We lost the game. We played badly. (through)
* We lost the game through bad play.
4- We didn’t play the match. The weather was bad. (owing to)
* We didn’t play the match owing to bad weather.
5- He went to the doctor because he was ill. (because of)
* He went to the doctor because of his illness.
* He went to the doctor because of being ill.
 الفعل المضاف له ing ينفي باستخدام not قبله:
- He couldn't pay his debts. He didn't have any money. (due to)
He couldn't pay his debts due to not having any money.

3) روابط للنتيجه
so \ so that \ to \ in order to \ in order that \ so as to\ in the hope that \ consequently \ that's why\ therfore

present
so that
can - may + مصـــدر
in order that
past in the hope that could - might + مصـــدر











1- I'll go home. I want to take some rest. ( so that )
I'll go home so that I can take some rest.
2- He travelled to London. He wanted to take a degree. ( in order that )
He travelled to London in order that he might (could) take degree.



1- I'll go home. I want to take some rest. ( so that \ so as to )
* I'll go home so that I can take some rest.
* I'll go home so as to take some rest.
2- The fishermen go to the sea. They want to catch fish. ( in order that \ to )
* The fishermen go to the sea in order that they may catch fish.
* The fishermen go to the sea to catch fish.
Therefore و لهذا السبب - consequently :نتيجة لذلك
That’s whyو لهذا السبب - So لذلك :
و يأتى قبلها جملة السبب و بعدها جملة النتيجة
1- I got a good degree. I didn’t have difficulty getting a job. (therefore / so)
* I got a good degree, therefore I didn’t have difficulty getting a job.
* I got a good degree, so I didn’t have difficulty getting a job.
2- I felt ill. I went to bed. (That’s why/ consequently)
* I felt ill. That’s why I went to bed.
* I felt ill, consequently I went to bed.

 تحـــذف الكلمــات wish to, hope to, want to عنــد استخـــدام الروابـــط السـابقـة

4) روابط تفيد التناقض
but \ although \though \ however \ even though \ whatever \ \ in spite of \ despite



1- He is young. He is strong. (but – however)
* He is young, but he is strong.
* He is young, however he is strong.
* He is young. However, he is strong.

•لاحظ أنه إذا بدأت الجملة بـ However يأتي بعدها الصفة ثم الفاعل و الفعل
* However young he is, he is strong.

although/ though / even though بالرغم من

1- He is rich. He feels unhappy. (Although)
- Although he is rich, he feels unhappy.
•لاحظ ترتيب الجمل مع although / though / even though حيث أن الحدث غيرالمتوقع يأتي في الجملة الثانية .
•و في المثال السابق نجد أن الحدث غير المتوقع هو He feels unhappy


In spite of
Despite علي الرغم من + n. / v-ing / adj.+n.

1- Although he was poor, he felt happy. (In spite of)
* In spite of being poor, he felt happy.
* In spite of his poverty, he felt happy.
2- Though there was noise outside, I went to sleep immediately. (Despite)
Despite the noise outside, I went to sleep immediately.

In spite of the fact that
Despite the fact that

1- The man was a criminal. He was set free. (Despite)
* Despite being a criminal, the man was set free.
* Despite the fact that the man was a criminal, he was set free.




* However strong he was, he couldn’t work. ( Whatever )
ًWhatever strength he has , he can’t work.

5) روابط شرطيهif \ unless




• تستخدم الحالة الأولي في حالة عدم وجود present simple و تجد في الجملة أفعال ناقصة مثل may/must / will أو فعل أمر أو or وتدل علي احتمال وقوع الحدث :
 1- If I earn some money, I'll go abroad.
 2- If we have enough time, we'll visit Ahmed.
• وقد تعبر هذه الحالة عن موقف ربما يكون حقيقي في المضارع:
 3- If you are hot, I'll buy you a cool drink.
• لاحظ انه يمكن استخدام فعل أمر في الجزء الثاني من الجملة:
• 1- You may see Frank. If so, give him a message for me, please.. (If…)
If you see Frank, give him a message for me, please.
• 2- She may have enough time tomorrow. If so, she will type the reports. (If…)
If she has enough time tomorrow, she will type the reports.
• 3- She must pay the fine or she will go to jail. (If…)
If she doesn't pay the fine, she will go to jailالسجن .
• لاحظ انه يمكن استخدام it is + adj. + to + inf. في الجزء الثاني من الجملة:
• * If you go to Mozambique, it is possible to find work there.
• لاحظ صيغة السؤال مع if
* What will happen if you lose all your money?




•تستخدم unless بمعني If not
1- If you don't study hard, you can't pass the exam. (Unless)
Unless you study hard you can't pass the exam.
2- I'll visit you tomorrow if I don't travel to Cairo. (unless)
I'll visit you tomorrow unless I travel to Cairo.

6) روابط زمنيه while \ when \ after \ before \ as soon as \ since \ until

1- While reading the newspaper, I fell asleep.
2- As soon as I saw it, I wanted to buy it.
3- When I got home, I did my homework.
4- Before I went to bed, I phoned my friend.
5- I haven't seen him since he was in Canada.
6- The thief waited until it got dark to rob the bank
•لاحظ في الجمل السابقة أن الحدث الأول جاء بعد when / as soon as وأن الحدث الثاني جاء بعد before


7) روابط المكانwhere \ wherever
1- Where the road is narrow, big trucks can't get through.
2- The dog follows the boy wherever he goes.









• Exercises on Vocabulary and language notes:
1- Choose the correct answer:
1- A (complementary – documentary – commentary – elementary) is written opinions about and descriptions of a subject.
2- A (diplomat – format – doormat – carpenter) is a person who is employed by a government to live in another country and speak for the government.
3- This (infant – grant – giant – vacant) tree is 200 years old.
4- A (politician – musician – magician – technician) is a person who works in politics.
5- A (commentator – announcer – reporter – publisher) is someone who prints something and makes it available for people to buy.
6- I can't think of an (example – explanation – exchange – exercise) for the team playing so badly.
7- His novel was (polished – published – crashed – furnished) a long time ago.
8- Some people do not realize that Gulliver's Travels is a (contemporary – commentary – diary – revolutionary) on European politics.
9- When I was a child, I couldn't think of interesting ideas, so my stories weren't very (imaginative – negative – protective – relative).
10- (Accountants – Dentists – Clerks - Diplomats) are meeting to discuss relations
between our two countries.
11- Churchill was a famous British (electrician – politician – dietician – musician) who was once a prime minister.
12- A/An (adventure – safari – voyage – tour) is a long journey on a ship.
13- You should (lie – tie – try – dye) that plant to the wall to stop it from falling over.
14- The Titanic sank on its first (expedition – flight – shore – voyage) after it hit an iceberg.
15- It is always wrong to (steal – deal – clear - bear) things that belong to other people.
16- Children get upset if their friends (make fun of – make up for – keep up with – put up with) them.
17- Egypt and the Sudan are (considering – neighbouring – preserving – retiring) countries.
18- In a dictionary, the letter n (cancels – deletes – refers – represents) the word noun.
19- In the past, some people believed the earth was flat. What a (true – real – reasonable – ridiculous) idea!
20- The police found the (caught – stealing – robbing – stolen) car 50 kilometers from
where it was taken.

2- Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write it correctly
1- The complimentary on the Olympic Games was much better on the other channel.
_________________________________________________________________
2- A carpenter represents one country in another.
_________________________________________________________________
3- Could you give me a quick exploration of how this machine works?
_________________________________________________________________
4- This designer always comes up with new ideas. He is very imaginary.
_________________________________________________________________
5- They chose a famous lawyer to present them in court.
_________________________________________________________________

تمارين من موقع الوزارة على الكلمات
1. Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d.
1. Watch your bag! If you are not careful, someone might _____ it.
a. jump b. hit c. steal d. want
2. I was not able to speak for myself, so I asked a lawyer to _____ me.
a. watch b. represent c. interpret d. write
3. After 10 years in prison, the prisoner was able to _____ when the guard forgot to take the keys out of his door.
a. escape b. celebrate c. represent d. walk
4. The boys were very unkind to the new student and they _____ his big nose.
a. looked at b. talked about c. made fun of d. watched
5. The teacher decided to _____ the bad student by making him stay in the classroom during the lunch break.
a. hurt b. talk to c. punish d. sing to
6. The crowd of people, who waited in the hot sun for many hours without food and water, really _____.
a. laughed b. suffered c. talked d. cried
7. I need some money. Can I _____ some from you?
a. lend b. want c. borrow d. give
8. Mrs Allen’s son passed all his examinations successfully, so she _____ him by buying him driving lessons.
a. rewarded b. congratulated c. helped d. laughed

2. Complete the gaps with words from the box below.
describe imagination commentary novel reward
secretary enemy voyages published

To be a writer you need to have good ideas and a good ________________. Jonathan Swift was a world-famous writer because of his book about the ________________ of Lemuel Gulliver. This book was very popular as soon as it was ________________ and people are still reading the book today. But Gulliver’s Travels is not only an entertaining ________________. It is also thought to be a clever ________________ on the political situation in Europe.

3. Match the words with their definitions.

A B
1. Someone who is employed by their government to represent them in another country a. tie
2. To fasten something with string, rope etc b. politician
3. Activities and ideas that are concerned with how a country or an area is governed and who has power c. diplomat
4. Someone who works in government who has power to represent people d. politics
5. What you say or write to make something easier to understand e. ridiculous
f. explanation

4. Write a synonym for each word. Follow the example.
A synonym is a word which has the same/similar meaning.
Example: start - begin
1. novel - ____________________
2. author - ___________________
3. ridiculous - ________________
4. small - ____________________


5. Read this group of words. Place them into the right column, then write one sentence with each.
explanation – farmer – commentary – represent – steal

Noun Verb Adjective






• Exercises on grammar.
1- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c, or d:
1- …………………… the man was very sick, he didn't see the doctor.
a) As b) So c) Unless d) Although
2- As well as ……………….. a writer, he was a politician.
a) be b) being c) is d) is being
3- I'm not very good at sports, ………………… I can swim very well.
a) despite b) however c) because d) whatever
4- The captain as well as the sailors …………… responsible for what had happened.
a) was b) were c) have been d) are
5- He won’t do any work for you ………………….. you pay him.
a) if b) so c) unless d) as long as
6- He didn’t expect to win, …………… he was delighted when he got the gold medal.
a) so b) because c) as d) but
7- He didn’t come to school ……………… he was ill.
a) because b) because of c) although d) but
8- We had to change the plans ……………… problems we hadn’t expected.
a) because b) so c) as d) owing to
9- He says he likes sports. ……………………….. he only watches it on TV.
a) Despite b) Although c) As d) However
10- I fell asleep ……………… I was watching a long film.
a) although b) if c) while d) because
11- I like reading novels, ………………… I don't have time.
a) but b) if c) because d) although
12- ……………… I was crossing to school today, I saw an accident.
a) After b) Although c) while d) As soon as
13- ……………… my brother works very hard, he doesn't earn much money.
a) As b) Although c) So d) As soon as
14- ……………….. you need to remember a date, write it in your diary.
a) If b) Although c) Unless d) Despite
15- He thought he would miss the train, ……………….. it was late, so he caught it.
a) because b) because of c) although d) but
16- ……………… he ran as fast as he could, he was only third in the race.
a) If b) Although c) Unless d) Despite
17- …………….. they were having breakfast, the phone rang six times.
a) As b) Although c) while d) As soon as
18- I'd like to see the new film, …………… none of my friends wants to go with me.
a) because b) because of c) although d) but
19- ……………… you don't like hot weather, don't come to Egypt in July.
a) If b) Although c) Unless d) Despite
20- ………………… I got home, I did my homework.
a) As b) Although c) while d) As soon as
21- She speaks English ……………….. French.
a) as b) as well c) well d) and
22- Not only ……………………… up late, but also he forgot his books.
a) he turned b) did he turn c) turned he d) turned
23- I went there …………………. I was a child.
a) when b) before c) as soon d) although

24- He managed to eat a big lunch …………… having eaten an enormous breakfast.
a) because b) because of c) although d) despite
25- She walked home by herself …………… she knew that it was dangerous.
a) because b) because of c) although d) despite

تمارين من موقع الوزارة على القواعد
1. Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d
1. My brother is 170 cm and my sister is 150 cm. My brother is _____ my sister.
a. taller b. as tall as c. taller than d. taller as
2. I am 155 cm and so is my friend. My friend is _____ me.
a. as tall as b. taller than c. tall like d. as tall than
3. _____ I can lend you some money. It’s no problem at all.
a. Although b. If c. Of course d. As soon as
4. _____ like reading a lot, I am not good at writing.
a. Although b. If c. More d. Because
5. We can go to play tennis _____ weather is good.
a. in spite of b. although c. of course d. if
6. I wanted to go to school _____ I was too sick to go.
a. while b. but c. if d. as soon as
7. _____ Lemuel Gulliver was travelling at sea, there was a storm.
a. Although b. If c. Because d. While
8. _____ I finished reading the book, I wanted to start reading it again from the beginning.
a. As soon as b. Because c. If d. While

2. Rewrite using the word in brackets to give the same meaning.
1. I like reading novels for the reason that they take me into a different world. (because)
_____________________________________________________
2. Jonathan Swift started to write. At the same time he was working as a secretary. (while)
_______________________________________________________
3. I’ve never read the book. I heard that Gulliver meets some very small people. (but)
______________________________________________________

4. I like pizza. Pizza normally has tomatoes in it, which I don’t like. (although)
_______________________________________________________
5. To find out more information about Jonathan Swift, you can look on the internet. (if)
_______________________________________________________





3. Correct the underlined mistakes.
It was Saturday, and I was the only person at home. (1) Although I was hungry, I decided to cook some food for myself. (2) Because I was making the food, I heard someone knocking on the front door. I knew that (3) but I went to answer the door, the food would burn. (4) As soon as the person continued knocking on the door. (5) If my food was finished, I ran to the door and opened it. (6) While I was surprised to see that it was my mother, who had forgotten her keys!

4. Match the phrases and rewrite each sentence below.

A B
1. Just tell me a. but she didn’t answer.
2. The letter arrived b. although I don’t like travelling.
3. I like watching travel programmes c. if you want some help.
4. She tried to call her friend d. because I want to work in an international company.
5. I need to study English e. while I was at work.
f. as soon as I received it.












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